RANDOM THOUGHTS: North Korea, South Korea and America - BY: Dr. A.Q. Khan

North Korea, South Korea and America
Dr. A.Q. Khan


There has been a lot of sabre rattling after the North Korean hydrogen bomb test. The first with aggressive rhetoric was President Trump. The North Koreans are a poor but proud nation and it is worth noting that even a poor, underdeveloped country can reach for the stars if their rulers are not corrupt and incompetent. We had Mr. Bhutto, Gen. Zia and Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan to do just that and we did not fail the nation. Today the North Koreans stand tall and proud and it is to be hoped that the Americans will not undertake any foolish misadventure. Any provocation would lead to unimaginable destruction in South Korea and Japan, a price nobody can afford to pay.

One can’t help but wonder why the USA has to act aggressively to countries thousands of miles away. They destroyed Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria and, to some extent, even Pakistan. If a nation takes a stand against them, they can ultimately hold their heads high. We have seen how Cuba and North Korea did not yield to American threats. America and her allies lay their plots under false pretences. Syria is no threat to them, yet they are destroying it. The answer, of course, is Israel. Israel was also the reason for destroying Iraq under false accusations. Now Blair sheds crocodile tears, saying it was a wrong decision. Instead of creating a democratic set-up, they simply left it in a terrible mess with communal war and corruption.

Recently the Western press showed the North Korean leader inspecting, what they called, a hydrogen bomb. The test confirmed that the yield of the bomb was about 60 Megaton TNT – powerful enough to wipe out any large city in the world.

Pakistan has had good relations with North (and South) Korea since the early sixties when Mr. Bhutto was the Foreign Minister. They supplied conventional weapons of good quality. After having made short-range ballistic missiles (500 km range), we needed a long-range missile. I discussed the matter with Gen. Waheed Kakar and Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and she provided the funds, as she had done earlier with the support of Gen. Aslam Baig for the M-11 type ballistic missiles. As a result of our meetings and negotiations, I was asked to coordinate (and produce) a 1500-km-range ballistic missile with cooperation from North Korea. A few engineers from the army joined us and I put together a team to organize production of “Ghauri” missiles. The whole project was so secret that when we tested it on 6th April, 1998, everyone was surprised. Excellent facilities had been established under my very competent colleague, Eng. Badrul Islam, a chartered marine engineer. He was in charge of the manufacturing of the missiles, with important input from his colleagues. Brig. Behram Ali Khan – a competent mechanical engineer – was in charge of manufacturing the missile launchers. Eng. Khokhar and his assistant, Eng. Nazir Mirza had the task of manufacturing the engines (turbines). The electronics and guidance control was done by Dr. Javed Arshad Mirza and late Eng. Muhammad Nasim Khan. Civil works were carried out by Brig. Saeed Baig and his team. He never let us down and always delivered on time. He prepared the engine test stand inside the Kahuta facilities and the missile facilities at Khanpur, which Dr. Hashmi and Col. Qaisar erected and commissioned. After making the prototype, the facility was handed over to the army. I visited the facilities every day and was well pleased with the progress made. We were soon able to test a motor successfully. What I would like to stress here is that we cooperated with the North Koreans on this project for a few years and our impression was always that they were very competent and could fulfill any task given to them.

When we visited North Korea, we were shown a few atomic fission bombs, extremely sophisticated and functional. The hydrogen bomb test, therefore, came as no surprise to me. Their scientists and engineers were educated and trained in the best Russian institutions, just as the older Chinese scientists and engineers had been. Anyone having any doubts about their capabilities should visit their industrial exhibition complex and see for themselves – it will be an eye-opener. I am still waiting for someone to point a finger at us and say that we helped them with their hydrogen bomb!

I once met a South Korean Ambassador at a reception who asked me about my impression of the North Koreans. I told him I felt re-unification would be in their best interests. “You are the same people” I said, “Don’t let yourselves be driven by US policies of divide and rule. The Americans have never left a single country they entered during the Second World War – they won’t leave Japan and South Korea either and probably have nuclear weapons stored there. If you unify, you will be a powerful force militarily (NK) and economically (SK).”

I have my reasons to believe that the Russian and Chinese leaders are not averse to North Korean nuclear capability. This way, North Korea keeps them safe on their Eastern side!

The making of a hydrogen bomb is not so difficult once you have made an atom bomb, which works as a trigger for it. The materials for fusion reaction can easily be made and the theory for it is available in books and for sale by Western suppliers. I had even suggested it, as also a long-range ICBM to launch satellites or nuclear weapons, but our “GT Road General” ignored both suggestions. We had also missed the industrialization boat in the early eighties when Mr. Ghulam Muhammad Fecto was willing to invest Rs. 4 billion, provided I was given the task of implementing it. The suggestion was dumped by Gen. Zia’s man in uniform.

Only mediocre people do not realize that give and take is the cornerstone of cooperation and trust. We supported China in earlier years when they were isolated by the West by all possible means - Western technology, diplomacy, etc. and they have not forgotten. Their present support is the result of our earlier help and successful diplomacy.

Posted on Sep 13, 17 | 5:51 am